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  1. The European Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) is a small plunge-diving bird, today considered a species of conservation concern in Europe given its rapid population decline observed across the continent. We implemented...

    Authors: Raphaël Musseau, Melina Bastianelli, Clementine Bely, Céline Rousselle and Olivier Dehorter

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. In this study we examined the habitat preferences of three diurnal raptors in relation to human access. We aimed to identify the selection of breeding habitat by the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the Long-leg...

    Authors: Nadejda Djorgova, Dimitar Ragyov, Valko Biserkov, Jordan Biserkov and Boris P. Nikolov

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:29

    Content type: Research

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  3. Accurate nestling age is valuable for studies on nesting strategies, productivity, and impacts on reproductive success. Most aging guides consist of descriptions and photographs that are time consuming to read...

    Authors: Audrey A. Sanchez, Andrew W. Bartlow, Allison M. Chan, Jeanne M. Fair, Aaron A. Skinner, Kelly Hutchins, Maria A. Musgrave, Emily M. Phillips, Brent E. Thompson and Charles D. Hathcock

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:28

    Content type: Methodology

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  4. Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are an important component of the vertebrate immune system and play a significant role in mate choice in animal populations. However, the MHC genetic targets...

    Authors: Mingju E, Xiaolei Song, Liufang Wang, Yimo Yang, Xianxiu Wei, Jiangping Yu, Ye Gong and Haitao Wang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:27

    Content type: Research

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  5. Spatial variation of land cover can result in the changes of community similarities and biotic homogenization, whereby the increasing similarity would reduce the adaptive capacity of biotic assemblages to furt...

    Authors: Aichun Xu, Maojun Zhong, Ke Tang, Xiaoyi Wang, Chen Yang, Haigen Xu, Jianfeng Yi, Wei Liu, Chunlan Zhang and Junhua Hu

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:25

    Content type: Research

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  6. Kiwi (Apteryx spp.) are flightless ratites from New Zealand whose numbers and distributions have declined following human arrival. Some of the kiwi species are known to hybridise but the extent of hybridization i...

    Authors: Lara D. Shepherd, Alan J. D. Tennyson, Hugh A. Robertson, Rogan M. Colbourne and Kristina M. Ramstad

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:24

    Content type: Research

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  7. Efficient and safe movement is fundamental for wild birds to thrive in their environments. For arboreal forest animals, especially birds, canopy cover has a large impact on birds’ daily movements and is a cruc...

    Authors: Jin Bai, Chelsea A. Weitekamp, Kelly Frye and Kathryn E. Sieving

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:23

    Content type: Research

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  8. Flowerpiercers (Diglossa) are traditionally considered as “parasites” of the pollination processes, as they can access the nectar without entering in contact with the reproductive structures of the plants. Nevert...

    Authors: Jairo Andrés Cuta-Pineda, Luis Alejandro Arias-Sosa and Roxibell C. Pelayo

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:22

    Content type: Research

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  9. The composition of intestinal microflora in animals is affected by cross-species transmission. In a nature reserve, the foraging sites of waterbirds are relatively fixed, but frequently close to residential ar...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Lizhi Zhou, Rong Fu, Lei Cheng, Shaofei Yan, Nazia Mahtab and Yunwei Song

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:20

    Content type: Research

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  10. As an important player during food digestion, gut microbiota has attracted much attention in diet adaptation studies in birds. Microbiota extracted from feces has been widely used as a proxy for gut microbiota...

    Authors: Xian Hou, Shengkai Pan, Zhenzhen Lin, Jiliang Xu and Xiangjiang Zhan

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:19

    Content type: Methodology

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Avian Research 2021 12:26

  11. Understanding how species diversify is a long-standing question in biology. The allopatric speciation model is a classic hypothesis to explain the speciation process. This model supposes that there is no gene ...

    Authors: Pengcheng Wang, Chiafen Yeh, Jiang Chang, Hongyan Yao, Yiqiang Fu, Chengte Yao, Xiao Wang, Shouhsien Li and Zhengwang Zhang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:17

    Content type: Research

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  12. Some studies have indicated that the Horned Larks (Eremophila alpestris) should be considered as a species complex. Recently it split into four species or clades and seven subclades based on genetic, morphologica...

    Authors: Jimmy Alexander Vargas-Puentes, Luis Alejandro Arias-Sosa and Carolina Ramos-Montaño

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:16

    Content type: Research

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  13. In bird species where offspring growth and survival rely on parents’ food provisioning, parents can maximise their fitness by increasing the quantity and/or the quality of preys delivered to their offspring. M...

    Authors: Laure Cauchard, Elise Isabella Macqueen, Rhona Lilley, Pierre Bize and Blandine Doligez

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:15

    Content type: Research

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  14. One of the most challenging tasks in wildlife conservation and management is clarifying which and how external and intrinsic factors influence wildlife demography and long-term viability. The wild population o...

    Authors: Yashuai Zhang, Fang Wang, Zhenxia Cui, Min Li, Xia Li, Xinping Ye and Xiaoping Yu

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:14

    Content type: Research

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  15. Great diversity exists in the parenting pattern of altricial birds, which has long been considered as an adaptive response to specific environmental conditions but not to their life-history style.

    Authors: Liqing Fan, Lifang Gao, Zhenqin Zhu, Xiaodan Zhang, Wen Zhang, Haiyang Zhang, Jianchuan Li and Bo Du

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:11

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Rufous-backed Bunting, Emberiza jankowskii, is an endangered species that is primarily distributed in Inner Mongolia, China. The main threats to the continued persistence of this species are habitat loss and ...

    Authors: Shi Li, Dan Li, Lishi Zhang, Weiping Shang, Bo Qin and Yunlei Jiang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:7

    Content type: Research

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  17. The Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespertinus) is a species of high international conservation interest. We analyzed its hunting behavior at the two largest colonies in Italy during the nestling period. Using accurate...

    Authors: Marco Gustin and Alessandro Ferrarini

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:6

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  18. To understand the dietary composition of the highly aerial swift (Apodidae), ecologists conventionally depend on the morphological identification of prey items from food boluses or stomach contents, but these ...

    Authors: Chun Ting Chung, Hok Sze Wong, Man Long Kwok, Qi Meng and King Ming Chan

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:5

    Content type: Research

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  19. There is increasing interest in evaluating home-range overlap (or, otherwise, segregation) between bird species, and between or within bird populations, to inform spatial planning. So far, studies of home-rang...

    Authors: Alessandro Ferrarini, Giuseppe Giglio, Stefania Caterina Pellegrino and Marco Gustin

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:4

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. Land-use change is one of the main drivers of the global erosion of biodiversity. In that context, it is crucial to understand how landscape characteristics drive the presence of rare endangered species. Never...

    Authors: Bertille Mohring, François Brischoux and Frédéric Angelier

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:3

    Content type: Research

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  21. Patterns of rarity can be explained by reproductive rates, levels of endemism, and habitat specificity, and knowledge on these parameters is important to understand the levels of vulnerability of each species ...

    Authors: Daniel F. Perrella, Paulo V. Q. Zima and Mercival R. Francisco

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:2

    Content type: Research

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  22. The Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus) breeds across the high plains and plateau of Central Asia and winters in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP), the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau and the Indian sub-continent. Of the two r...

    Authors: Junjian Zhang, Yanbo Xie, Laixing Li, Nyambayar Batbayar, Xueqin Deng, Iderbat Damba, Fanjuan Meng, Lei Cao and Anthony David Fox

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Reconciling agriculture and biodiversity conservation is a challenge given the growing demand for agricultural products. In recent decades, Argentina has witnessed agricultural expansion and intensification af...

    Authors: Andrea P. Goijman, Michael J. Conroy, Vanina D. Varni, Jeffrey J. Thompson and María Elena Zaccagnini

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. In this study, we report an unusual homing behavior of the Sichuan Partridge (Arborophila rufipectus) at the Laojunshan National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province, China. Hen Sichuan Partridges led the chicks back...

    Authors: Yiqiang Fu, Shufang Wang, Benping Chen, Simon Dowell and Zhengwang Zhang

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:47

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  25. Flying birds, especially those that hover, need to meet high energetic demands. Birds that meet this demand through nectarivory face the added challenges of maintaining homeostasis in the face of spikes in blo...

    Authors: Alexander M. Myrka, Tooba Shah, Jason T. Weir and Kenneth C. Welch Jr.

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:44

    Content type: Research

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  26. The Elegant Pitta (Pitta elegans) complex displays a remarkable diversity of morphological and bioacoustic traits across five taxa currently recognized as subspecies. They differ in plumage characteristics (such ...

    Authors: Arya Y. Yue, Elize Y. X. Ng, James A. Eaton and Frank E. Rheindt

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The allocation of resources between offspring size and number is a central question of life-history theory. Although several studies have tested the existence of this trade-off, few studies have investigated h...

    Authors: Zitan Song, Xin Lin, Pinjia Que, Naerhulan Halimubieke, Qin Huang, Zhengwang Zhang, Tamás Székely and Yang Liu

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. In this paper, we present evidence that biologging is strongly correlated with eye irritation, with sometimes severely impairing effects. A migratory population of the Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita, NBI)...

    Authors: Johannes Fritz, Barbara Eberhard, Corinna Esterer, Bernhard Goenner, Daniela Trobe, Markus Unsoeld, Bernhard Voelkl, Helena Wehner and Alexandra Scope

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Extra-pair paternity (EPP) in birds provides benefits in terms of more offspring, and characteristics for maintenance of this behaviour have been the subject of investigation. Microorganisms are known to be tr...

    Authors: Anders Pape Møller, Jørgen Skavdal Søraker and Juan José Soler

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Small birds in temperate habitats must either migrate, or adjust aspects of their morphology, physiology and behavior to cope with seasonal change in temperature and photoperiod. It is, however, difficult to a...

    Authors: Lin Li, Jingru Ge, Sangyu Zheng, Lihong Hong, Xini Zhang, Ming Li and Jinsong Liu

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Among urban stimuli, anthropogenic noise has been identified to be one of the behavioral drivers of species that rely on acoustic signals for communication. Studies have shown both species-specific and assembl...

    Authors: Cecilia Odette Carral-Murrieta, Michelle García-Arroyo, Oscar H. Marín-Gómez, J. Roberto Sosa-López and Ian MacGregor-Fors

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Evaluating relationships between avian populations and their habitat is important for understanding the biology of these species and for management decisions that improve the effectiveness of restoration pract...

    Authors: Camilo Loaiza, Olga L. Montenegro, David King, Manuel Spínola, Lilibeth Arinda Palacio and Agustín Rudas

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Patterns of biological diversity and richness can vary along the elevational gradients among mountain systems making it difficult to conclude the general pattern. The drivers of such pattern are also poorly kn...

    Authors: Naresh Pandey, Laxman Khanal and Mukesh Kumar Chalise

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Our understanding of any impacts of swans on other waterbirds (including other swans), and potential effects on waterbird community structure, remain limited by a paucity of fundamental behavioural and ecologi...

    Authors: Kevin A. Wood, Phoebe Ham, Jake Scales, Eleanor Wyeth and Paul E. Rose

    Citation: Avian Research 2020 11:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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