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  1. For migrating birds, stopover requires spending time and energy that otherwise could be allocated to flying. Thus, birds optimally refuel their subsequent migratory flight by reducing stopover duration or fora...

    Authors: Richard Evan Feldman, Antonio Celis-Murillo, Jill L. Deppe and Michael P. Ward

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:66

    Content type: Research

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  2. The vulnerable Chinese Egret (Egretta eulophotes) is a long-distance migratory waterbird whose migration and wintering information is poorly understood. This study aims to identify the autumn migration routes and...

    Authors: Zhijun Huang, Xiaoping Zhou, Wenzhen Fang, Hailong Zhang and Xiaolin Chen

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:65

    Content type: Research

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  3. In this study, we report the first ever documented instances of attempted and successful reproduction (rearing two offspring) of Oriental Storks (Ciconia boyciana) at age 2 years in a wild population in the middl...

    Authors: Anton Sasin, Anna Serdyuk, Baoguang Zhu and Qingshan Zhao

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:64

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  4. The Mesoamerican dominion is a biogeographic area of great interest due to its complex topography and distinctive climatic history. This area has a large diversity of habitats, including tropical deciduous for...

    Authors: Melisa Vázquez-López, Nandadevi Córtes-Rodríguez, Sahid M. Robles-Bello, Alfredo Bueno-Hernández, Luz E. Zamudio-Beltrán, Kristen Ruegg and Blanca E. Hernández-Baños

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:61

    Content type: Research

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  5. Studies on breeding biology enable us to broaden our understanding of the evolution of life history strategies. We studied the breeding biology of the Green-backed Tit (Parus monticolus) to provide comprehensive ...

    Authors: Ping Ye, Xiaogang Yao, Jianli Bi, Guangrong Li, Wei Liang and Canchao Yang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:60

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  6. Plastic waste and debris have caused substantial environmental pollution globally in the past decades, and they have been accumulated in hundreds of terrestrial and aquatic avian species. Birds are susceptible...

    Authors: Limin Wang, Ghulam Nabi, Liyun Yin, Yanqin Wang, Shuxin Li, Zhuang Hao and Dongming Li

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:59

    Content type: Review

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  7. For cavity-nesting birds, the nest entrance plays an important role in preventing predators from accessing nests. Several species of nuthatches use mud to narrow the entrance of cavities. In theory, the smalle...

    Authors: Jiangping Yu, Li Zhang, Guodong Yi, Keqin Zhang, Jiyuan Yao, Jian Fang, Chao Shen and Haitao Wang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:58

    Content type: Research

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  8. Nepal, a small landlocked country in South Asia, holds about 800 km of Himalayan Mountain range including the Earth’s highest mountain. Within such a mountain range in the north and plain lowlands in the south...

    Authors: Prashant Ghimire, Nishma Dahal, Ajit K. Karna, Surendra Karki and Sangeet Lamichhaney

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:57

    Content type: Review

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  9. In high latitude grassland habitats, altricial nestlings hatching in open-cup nests early in the breeding season must cope with cold temperature challenges. Thyroid hormones (triiodothyronine, T3 and thyroxine, T

    Authors: Jing Shang, Liang Zhang, Xinyu Li and Shuping Zhang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:55

    Content type: Research

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  10. The Savanna Nightjar (Caprimulgus affinis) is a widespread, polytypic species which was previously treated as two or three species. It is currently treated as a single species based on superficial similarity of t...

    Authors: George Sangster, Kim Manzon Cancino and Robert O. Hutchinson

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:54

    Content type: Research

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  11. Field studies from 2011 onwards have demonstrated the presence of a breeding population of Yellow Wagtails (Motacilla flava) in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China that is phenotypically distinct from kno...

    Authors: Alexander Hellquist, Fredrik Friberg, Petter Haldén, Peter Schmidt, Ming Ma, Gou Jun, Urban Olsson and Per Alström

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:53

    Content type: Research

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  12. Himalayan Griffons (Gyps himalayensis), large scavenging raptors widely distributed in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, have evolved a remarkable ability to feed on carcasses without suffering any adverse effects. The gu...

    Authors: Wen Wang, Xiaolong Gao, Sisi Zheng, Zhuoma Lancuo, Ying Li, Lilin Zhu, Jianping Hou, Jiayi Hai, Xin Long, Hanxi Chen, Alexey Druzyaka and Kirill Sharshov

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:52

    Content type: Research

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  13. Climate change due to anthropogenic global warming is the most important factor that will affect future range distribution of species and will shape future biogeographic patterns. While much effort has been ex...

    Authors: Peter Capainolo, Utku Perktaş and Mark D. E. Fellowes

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:50

    Content type: Research

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  14. Tropical montane cloud forests are one of the most important hotspots on Earth and show presence of relict-endemic and endangered species, representing about 14% of the total tropical forest worldwide. Synchro...

    Authors: Ernesto C. Rodríguez-Ramírez, Levinn Camacho-Islas, Ana Paola Martínez-Falcón, Isolda Luna-Vega and Pilar Carbó-Ramírez

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:49

    Content type: Research

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  15. Winter numbers of the northwest European population of Bewick’s Swans (Cygnus columbianus bewickii) declined recently by c. 40%. During the same period, numbers of two sympatric and ecologically-similar congeners...

    Authors: Kevin A. Wood, Julia L. Newth, Geoff M. Hilton and Eileen C. Rees

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:48

    Content type: Research

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  16. Long-term ringing and telemetry studies show that the Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) is a broad-front migrant following different migratory flyways, depending on the geographical location of their breeding population...

    Authors: Dariusz Anderwald, Łukasz Czajka, Sławomir Rubacha, Michał Zygmunt and Paweł Mirski

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:46

    Content type: Research

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  17. Ecological functions and processes in urban ecosystems are governed by various human activities. City-adapted and city-exploiting animal species are expected to present certain specific behavioral and physiolo...

    Authors: Hani Amir Aouissi, Mostefa Ababsa, Aissam Gaagai, Zihad Bouslama, Yassine Farhi and Haroun Chenchouni

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:45

    Content type: Research

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  18. Efficient and selective utilization of metabolic substrates is one of the key strategies in high-altitude animals to cope with hypoxia and hypothermia. Previous findings have shown that the energy substrate ut...

    Authors: Boyang Ding, Yuliang Zhao, Yanfeng Sun, Qian Zhang, Mo Li, Ghulam Nabi, Yuefeng Wu, Chuan Jiang and Dongming Li

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:44

    Content type: Research

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  19. The abundance of insects has decreased considerably during recent decades, resulting in current abundance showing 70–80% reductions in more than 15 studies across temperate climate zones. Dramatic reductions i...

    Authors: Anders Pape Møller, Dorota Czeszczewik, Einar Flensted-Jensen, Johannes Erritzøe, Indrikis Krams, Karsten Laursen, Wei Liang and Wiesław Walankiewicz

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:43

    Content type: Research

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  20. Diet analysis is essential to understanding the functional role of large bird species in food webs. Morphological analysis of regurgitated bird pellet contents is time intensive and may underestimate biodivers...

    Authors: Charlotte E. Hacker, Brandon D. Hoenig, Liji Wu, Wei Cong, Jingjing Yu, Yunchuan Dai, Ye Li, Jia Li, Yadong Xue, Yu Zhang, Yunrui Ji, Hanning Cao, Diqiang Li, Yuguang Zhang and Jan E. Janecka

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:42

    Content type: Research

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  21. Electrocution and collisions on power lines are among the leading causes of non-natural mortality for birds. Power lines are exponentially increasing, particularly in developing countries, but mitigation strat...

    Authors: Adrian Orihuela-Torres, Juan M. Pérez-García, Zebensui Morales-Reyes, Lara Naves-Alegre, José A. Sánchez-Zapata and Esther Sebastián-González

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:41

    Content type: Research

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  22. Animals need to adjust their vigilance strategies when foraging between physically contrasting vegetated and non-vegetated habitats. Vegetated habitats may pose a greater risk for some if vegetation characteri...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Hang Zhang, Yu Liu, Huw Lloyd, Jianqiang Li, Zhengwang Zhang and Donglai Li

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:39

    Content type: Research

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  23. Despite an increasing number of surveys and a growing interest in birdwatching, the population and distribution of Asian Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus), a species endemic to the East Asian–Australasian and ...

    Authors: Ziyou Yang, Jing Li, Yongxiang Han, Chris J. Hassell, Kar-Sin Katherine Leung, David S. Melville, Yat-tung Yu, Lin Zhang and Chi-Yeung Choi

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:38

    Content type: Research

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  24. Communal roosting is a common avian social behaviour, which potentially provides foraging benefits, predation avoidance or thermoregulation in birds. To identify the crucial environmental factors associated wi...

    Authors: Sifeng Wang and L. M. Chu

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:35

    Content type: Research

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  25. Bird nests are an important part of avian ecology. They are a powerful tool for studying not only the birds that built them, but a wide array of topics ranging from parasitology, urbanisation and climate chang...

    Authors: Tonya M. Haff, Natalie Tees, Kathryn Wood, E. Margaret Cawsey, Leo Joseph and Clare E. Holleley

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:34

    Content type: Research

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  26. Interspecific competition is known to be strongest between those species that are both closely related and sympatric. Egrets are colonially nesting wetland birds that often overlap and can therefore be expecte...

    Authors: Yuanxing Ye, Canshi Hu, Yiting Jiang, Geoffrey W. H. Davison and Changqing Ding

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:33

    Content type: Research

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  27. The European Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) is a small plunge-diving bird, today considered a species of conservation concern in Europe given its rapid population decline observed across the continent. We implemented...

    Authors: Raphaël Musseau, Melina Bastianelli, Clementine Bely, Céline Rousselle and Olivier Dehorter

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. In this study we examined the habitat preferences of three diurnal raptors in relation to human access. We aimed to identify the selection of breeding habitat by the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the Long-leg...

    Authors: Nadejda Djorgova, Dimitar Ragyov, Valko Biserkov, Jordan Biserkov and Boris P. Nikolov

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Accurate nestling age is valuable for studies on nesting strategies, productivity, and impacts on reproductive success. Most aging guides consist of descriptions and photographs that are time consuming to read...

    Authors: Audrey A. Sanchez, Andrew W. Bartlow, Allison M. Chan, Jeanne M. Fair, Aaron A. Skinner, Kelly Hutchins, Maria A. Musgrave, Emily M. Phillips, Brent E. Thompson and Charles D. Hathcock

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:28

    Content type: Methodology

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  30. Genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are an important component of the vertebrate immune system and play a significant role in mate choice in animal populations. However, the MHC genetic targets...

    Authors: Mingju E, Xiaolei Song, Liufang Wang, Yimo Yang, Xianxiu Wei, Jiangping Yu, Ye Gong and Haitao Wang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Spatial variation of land cover can result in the changes of community similarities and biotic homogenization, whereby the increasing similarity would reduce the adaptive capacity of biotic assemblages to furt...

    Authors: Aichun Xu, Maojun Zhong, Ke Tang, Xiaoyi Wang, Chen Yang, Haigen Xu, Jianfeng Yi, Wei Liu, Chunlan Zhang and Junhua Hu

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:25

    Content type: Research

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  32. Kiwi (Apteryx spp.) are flightless ratites from New Zealand whose numbers and distributions have declined following human arrival. Some of the kiwi species are known to hybridise but the extent of hybridization i...

    Authors: Lara D. Shepherd, Alan J. D. Tennyson, Hugh A. Robertson, Rogan M. Colbourne and Kristina M. Ramstad

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:24

    Content type: Research

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  33. Efficient and safe movement is fundamental for wild birds to thrive in their environments. For arboreal forest animals, especially birds, canopy cover has a large impact on birds’ daily movements and is a cruc...

    Authors: Jin Bai, Chelsea A. Weitekamp, Kelly Frye and Kathryn E. Sieving

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:23

    Content type: Research

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  34. Flowerpiercers (Diglossa) are traditionally considered as “parasites” of the pollination processes, as they can access the nectar without entering in contact with the reproductive structures of the plants. Nevert...

    Authors: Jairo Andrés Cuta-Pineda, Luis Alejandro Arias-Sosa and Roxibell C. Pelayo

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:22

    Content type: Research

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  35. The composition of intestinal microflora in animals is affected by cross-species transmission. In a nature reserve, the foraging sites of waterbirds are relatively fixed, but frequently close to residential ar...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Lizhi Zhou, Rong Fu, Lei Cheng, Shaofei Yan, Nazia Mahtab and Yunwei Song

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:20

    Content type: Research

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  36. As an important player during food digestion, gut microbiota has attracted much attention in diet adaptation studies in birds. Microbiota extracted from feces has been widely used as a proxy for gut microbiota...

    Authors: Xian Hou, Shengkai Pan, Zhenzhen Lin, Jiliang Xu and Xiangjiang Zhan

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:19

    Content type: Methodology

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Avian Research 2021 12:26

  37. Understanding how species diversify is a long-standing question in biology. The allopatric speciation model is a classic hypothesis to explain the speciation process. This model supposes that there is no gene ...

    Authors: Pengcheng Wang, Chiafen Yeh, Jiang Chang, Hongyan Yao, Yiqiang Fu, Chengte Yao, Xiao Wang, Shouhsien Li and Zhengwang Zhang

    Citation: Avian Research 2021 12:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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