Arnegard ME, Kondrashov AS. Sympatric speciation by sexual selection alone is unlikely. Evolution. 2004;58:222–37.
Beaumont MA, Zhang W, Balding DJ. Approximate Bayesian computation in population genetics. Genetics. 2002;162:2025–35.
Blum MGB, François O. Non-linear regression models for approximate Bayesian computation. Stat Comput. 2010;20:63–73.
Boucher FC, Zimmermann NE, Conti E. Allopatric speciation with little niche divergence is common among alpine Primulaceae. J Biogeogr. 2016;43:591–602.
Boughman JW. Divergent sexual selection enhances reproductive isolation in sticklebacks. Nature. 2001;411:944–8.
Bush GL. Sympatric host race formation and speciation in frugivorous flies of the genus Rhagoletis (Diptera, Tephritidae). Evolution. 1969;23:237–51.
Castillo DM, Burger MK, Lively CM, Delph LF. Experimental evolution: assortative mating and sexual selection, independent of local adaptation, lead to reproductive isolation in the nematode Caenorhabditis remanei. Evolution. 2015;69:3141–55.
Cooney CR, Bright JA, Capp EJR, Chira AM, Hughes EC, Moody CJA, et al. Mega-evolutionary dynamics of the adaptive radiation of birds. Nature. 2017;542:344–7.
Coyne JA, Orr HA. Speciation. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates; 2004.
Darwin C. The origin of species. 6th ed. London: John Murray; 1859.
Egan SP, Ragland GJ, Assour L, Powell THQ, Hood GR, Emrich S, et al. Experimental evidence of genome-wide impact of ecological selection during early stages of speciation-with-gene-flow. Ecol Lett. 2015;18:817–25.
Fick SE, Hijmans RJ. WorldClim 2: new 1-km spatial resolution climate surfaces for global land areas. Int J Climatol. 2017;37:4302–15.
Germain RM, Hart SP, Turcotte MM, Otto SP, Sakarchi J, Rolland J, et al. On the origin of coexisting species. Trends Ecol Evol. 2020;36:284–93.
Gutiérrez-Ortega JS, Salinas-Rodríguez MM, Ito T, Pérez-Farrera MA, Vovides AP, Martínez JF, et al. Niche conservatism promotes speciation in cycads: the case of Dioon merolae (Zamiaceae) in Mexico. New Phytol. 2020;227:1872–84.
He Z, Li X, Yang M, Wang X, Zhong C, Duke NC, et al. Speciation with gene flow via cycles of isolation and migration: insights from multiple mangrove taxa. Natl Sci Rev. 2019;6:275–88.
Higashi M, Takimoto G, Yamamura N. Sympatric speciation by sexual selection. Nature. 1999;402:523–6.
Hijmans RJ, Cameron SE, Parra JL, Jones PG, Jarvis A. Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. Int J Climatol. 2005;25:1965–78.
Hung C-M, Hung H-Y, Yeh C-F, Fu Y-Q, Chen D, Lei F, et al. Species delimitation in the Chinese bamboo partridge Bambusicola thoracica (Phasianidae; Aves). Zool Scri. 2014;43:562–75.
Kautt AF, Kratochwil CF, Nater A, Machado-Schiaffino G, Olave M, Henning F, et al. Contrasting signatures of genomic divergence during sympatric speciation. Nature. 2020;588:106–11.
Kawakami T, Mugal CF, Suh A, Nater A, Burri R, Smeds L, et al. Whole-genome patterns of linkage disequilibrium across flycatcher populations clarify the causes and consequences of fine-scale recombination rate variation in birds. Mol Ecol. 2017;26:4158–72.
Kobayashi K. Birds of Japan in natural colours. 4th ed. Osaka: Hoikusha Publishing Company; 1976. (in Janpanese).
Lamichhaney S, Berglund J, Almén MS, Maqbool K, Grabherr M, Martinez-Barrio A, et al. Evolution of Darwin’s finches and their beaks revealed by genome sequencing. Nature. 2015;518:371–5.
Lessios HA. Possible prezygotic reproductive isolation in sea urchins separated by the Isthmus of Panama. Evolution. 1984;38:1144–8.
Li JW, Yeung CKL, Tsai PW, Lin RC, Yeh CF, Yao CT, et al. Rejecting strictly allopatric speciation on a continental island: prolonged postdivergence gene flow between Taiwan (Leucodioptron taewanus, Passeriformes Timaliidae) and Chinese (L. canorum canorum) hwameis. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:494–507.
Librado P, Rozas J. DnaSP v5: a software for comprehensive analysis of DNA polymorphism data . Bioinformatics. 2009;25:1451–2.
Lindsay WR, Andersson S, Bererhi B, Höglund J, Johnsen A, Kvarnemo C, et al. Endless forms of sexual selection. PeerJ. 2019;7:e7988.
Liu Y, Liu S, Yeh CF, Zhang N, Chen G, Que P, et al. The first set of universal nuclear protein-coding loci markers for avian phylogenetic and population genetic studies. Sci Rep. 2018;8:15723.
Mayr E. Systematics and the origin of species. New York: Columbia University Press; 1942.
Mayr E. Geographic speciation in tropical echinoids. Evolution. 1954;8:1–18.
Mayr E. Animal species and evolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; 1963.
McGowan P, Madge S, D’Silva C, Cole D. Pheasants, partridges and grouse: Including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. Princeton: Princeton University Press; 2010.
McLean CA, Bartle RA, Dong CM, Rankin KJ, Stuart-Fox D. Divergent male and female mate preferences do not explain incipient speciation between lizard lineages. Curr Zool. 2020;66:485–92.
Nosil P. Ernst Mayr and the integration of geographic and ecological factors in speciation. Biol J Linn Soc. 2008;95:26–46.
Pavlidis P, Laurent S, Stephan W. msABC: a modification of Hudson’s ms to facilitate multi-locus ABC analysis. Mol Ecol Resour. 2010;10:723–7.
Peterson AT. Ecological niche conservatism: a time-structured review of evidence. J Biogeogr. 2011;38:817–27.
Peterson AT, Soberón J, Sánchez-Cordero V. Conservatism of ecological niches in evolutionary time. Science. 1999;285:1265–7.
Phillips SJ, Dudík M. Modeling of species distributions with Maxent: new extensions and a comprehensive evaluation. Ecography. 2008;31:161–75.
Pigot AL, Sheard C, Miller ET, Bregman TP, Freeman BG, Roll U, et al. Macroevolutionary convergence connects morphological form to ecological function in birds. Nat Ecol Evol. 2020;4:230–9.
Pinho C, Hey J. Divergence with gene flow: models and data. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst. 2010;41:215–30.
Ramírez-Soriano A, Ramos-Onsins SE, Rozas J, Calafell F, Navarro A. Statistical power analysis of neutrality tests under demographic expansions, contractions and bottlenecks with recombination. Genetics. 2008;179:555–67.
Richards EJ, Servedio MR, Martin CH. Searching for sympatric speciation in the genomic era. BioEssays. 2019;41:1900047.
Ronco F, Matschiner M, Böhne A, Boila A, Büscher HH, El Taher A, et al. Drivers and dynamics of a massive adaptive radiation in cichlid fishes. Nature. 2021;589:76–81.
Schoener TW. The Anolis lizards of bimini: resource partitioning in a complex fauna. Ecology. 1968;49:704–26.
Shaner P-JL, Tsao T-H, Lin R-C, Liang W, Yeh C-F, Yang X-J, et al. Climate niche differentiation between two passerines despite ongoing gene flow. J Anim Ecol. 2015;84:829–39.
Shi Y, Cui Z, Su Z. The quaternary glaciations and environmental variations in China. Shijiazhuang: Hebei Science Technology Press; 2006.
Stankowski S, Chase MA, Fuiten AM, Rodrigues MF, Ralph PL, Streisfeld MA. Widespread selection and gene flow shape the genomic landscape during a radiation of monkeyflowers. PLoS Biol. 2019;17:e3000391.
Stephens M, Scheet P. Accounting for decay of linkage disequilibrium in haplotype inference and missing-data imputation. Am J Hum Genet. 2005;76:449–62.
Stephens M, Smith NJ, Donnelly P. A new statistical method for haplotype reconstruction from population data. Am J Hum Genet. 2001;68:978–89.
Strasburg JL, Rieseberg LH. How robust are “Isolation with Migration” analyses to violations of the IM model? a simulation study. Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:297–310.
Ting C-T, Takahashi A, Wu C-I. Incipient speciation by sexual isolation in Drosophila: concurrent evolution at multiple loci. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2001;98:6709–13.
van Doorn GS, Edelaar P, Weissing FJ. On the origin of species by natural and sexual selection. Science. 2009;326:1704–7.
Voris HK. Maps of Pleistocene sea levels in Southeast Asia: shorelines, river systems and time durations. J Biogeogr. 2000;27:1153–67.
Wang P, Yao H, Gilbert KJ, Lu Q, Hao Y, Zhang Z, et al. Glaciation-based isolation contributed to speciation in a Palearctic alpine biodiversity hotspot: evidence from endemic species. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2018;129:315–24.
Wang X, Que P, Heckel G, Hu J, Zhang X, Chiang C-Y, et al. Genetic, phenotypic and ecological differentiation suggests incipient speciation in two Charadrius plovers along the Chinese coast. BMC Evol Biol. 2019;19:135.
Wang X, He Z, Shi S, Wu C-I. Genes and speciation: is it time to abandon the biological species concept? Natl Sci Rev. 2020;7:1387–97.
Warren DL, Glor RE, Turelli M. Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution. Evolution. 2008;62:2868–83.
Warren DL, Glor RE, Turelli M. ENMTools: a toolbox for comparative studies of environmental niche models. Ecography. 2010;33:607–11.
Wiens JJ. Speciation and ecology revisited: phylogenetic niche conservatism and the origin of species. Evolution. 2004;58:193–7.
Wright S. Isolation by distance. Genetics. 1943;28:114–38.
Yang M, He Z, Shi S, Wu C-I. Can genomic data alone tell us whether speciation happened with gene flow? Mol Ecol. 2017;26:2845–9.
Zheng GM. Pheasants in China. Beijing: Higher Education Press; 2015.