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Table 1 Results of a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) of the effects of sampling time, sex, and interaction between time and sex (fixed factors), and sampling year, site, and individual (random factors) on the body mass (Mass), body condition index (BCI), plasma corticosterone (CORT), glucose (Glu), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), uric acid (UA), levels of Eurasian Tree Sparrows (Passer montanus)

From: Effects of capture and captivity on plasma corticosterone and metabolite levels in breeding Eurasian Tree Sparrows

Variable Factor F df p Variable Factor F df p Variable Factor F df p
Mass Intercept 2.834 3,32 0.054 BCI Intercept 4.162 3,32 0.013 CORT Intercept 2.817 7,81 0.011
Time 6.688 1,32 0.014 Time 4.163 1,32 0.050 Time 6.052 3,81 0.001
Sex 0.071 1,32 0.792 Sex 5.645 1,32 0.024 Sex 0.52 1,81 0.473
Time × sex 0.132 1,32 0.719 Time × sex 0.019 1,32 0. 893 Time × sex 0.5 3,81 0.683
UA Intercept 6.808 7,72 < 0.001 Glu Intercept 5.552 7,72 < 0.001 TG Intercept 2.855 7,72 0.011
Time 15.172 3,72 < 0.001 Time 11.274 3,72 < 0.001 Time 1.852 3,72 0.146
Sex 0.632 1,72 0.429 Sex 0.935 1,72 0.337 Sex 13.735 1,72 < 0.001
Time × sex 0.09 3,72 0.965 Time × sex 0.941 3,72 0.426 Time × sex 0.138 3,72 0.937
TC Intercept 4.600 7,71 < 0.001           
  Time 7.506 3,71 < 0.001           
  Sex 3.142 1,71 0.081           
  Time × sex 1.105 3721 0.353           
  1. Body mass was measured 3 min after capture and after 24 h in captivity and other physiological variables were measured 3, 30 and 60 min after capture and after 24 h in captivity. Significant factors (p < 0.05) are shown in italics