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Table 2 Behavioural comparison of Saxaul Sparrow parents in the hatching period

From: Male parent birds exert more effort to reproduce in two desert passerines

Parents’ behaviours Female Male 95% CI P
Nest inspecting 0.08  ±  0.083 0.38  ±  0.157 − 0.675 to 0.092 0.129
Nest tidying 0.17  ±  0.098 0.38  ±  0.157 − 0.621 to 0.204 0.307
Incubating frequency 8.33  ±  0.882 7.50  ±  0.514 − 1.340 to 3.007 0.436
Incubating time (s) 3384.54  ±  318.797 4452.00  ±  1604.916 − 3942.852 to 2807.936 0.731
Adding material 2.83  ±  0.374 2.75  ±  0.581 − 1.549 to 1.716 0.917
Removing material 0.21  ±  0.134 0.04  ±  0.042 − 0.130 to 0.463 0.257
Warning 7.00  ±  0.651 10.63  ±  0.911 − 5.977 to − 1.273 0.004
Preening 0.96  ±  0.266 2.79  ±  0.548 − 2.972 to − 0.694 0.003
Chirping 0.29  ±  0.127 1.96  ±  0.569 − 2.934 to − 0.399 0.012