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Table 3 Activity time budgets of the Greater White-fronted Goose in each of the three different stages of winter

From: Foraging behavior of the Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) wintering at Shengjin Lake: diet shifts and habitat use

Behavior typesActivity time budgets (%)Statistical test
Early winterMiddle winterLate winterχ2P
Foraging41.33 ± 28.08a29.09 ± 17.44a39.15 ± 11.01a0.410.566
Alert3.12 ± 2.47a0.29 ± 1.10a1.25 ± 0.28a2.210.338
Social behavior2.34 ± 1.02b3.25 ± 4.21a3.11 ± 2.06a7.120.014
Moving6.21 ± 3.01c10.25 ± 8.01b29.00 ± 10.14a15.0010.001
Resting32.10 ± 11.01a41.21 ± 6.08a29.54 ± 10.54a1.1140.254
  1. If two stages have the same lowercase letter, they were not statistically significantly different (P > 0.05) according to the Kruskal–Wallis H test