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Table 3 Activity time budgets of the Greater White-fronted Goose in each of the three different stages of winter

From: Foraging behavior of the Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) wintering at Shengjin Lake: diet shifts and habitat use

Behavior types Activity time budgets (%) Statistical test
Early winter Middle winter Late winter χ2 P
Foraging 41.33 ± 28.08a 29.09 ± 17.44a 39.15 ± 11.01a 0.41 0.566
Alert 3.12 ± 2.47a 0.29 ± 1.10a 1.25 ± 0.28a 2.21 0.338
Social behavior 2.34 ± 1.02b 3.25 ± 4.21a 3.11 ± 2.06a 7.12 0.014
Moving 6.21 ± 3.01c 10.25 ± 8.01b 29.00 ± 10.14a 15.001 0.001
Resting 32.10 ± 11.01a 41.21 ± 6.08a 29.54 ± 10.54a 1.114 0.254
  1. If two stages have the same lowercase letter, they were not statistically significantly different (P > 0.05) according to the Kruskal–Wallis H test