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Table 2 Frequency, abundance (%, values in parentheses) and richness of bird species (S) and evenness indices of the avifauna in 10 green areas in the city of Temuco, 2007–2008

From: Effects of vegetation strata and human disturbance on bird diversity in green areas in a city in southern Chile

Order Family Species Park Square Main street
Los Pinos Campus Norte Becker Godoy Dreves Recabarren Pinto Schmidt Prieto Norte Balmaceda Total
N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %) N (A %)
Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Black-faced Ibis (Theristicus melanopis) 7 (1.98) 44 (6.59) 14 (1.04)   39 (5.64) 1 (0.76)    3 (0.87)   108 (2.04)
Falconiformes Falconidae Chimango Caracara (Milvago chimango) 15 (4.24) 21 (3.14) 70 (5.21) 32 (7.67) 50 (7.23) 8 (6.06) 58 (14.8) 37 (9.79) 31 (9.04) 169 (29.91) 491 (9.30)
Galliformes Phasianidae California Quail (Callipepla californica)   8 (1.20)          8 (0.15)
Charadriiformes Charadriidae Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis) 35 (9.89) 307 (45.96) 592 (44.08) 35 (8.39) 10 (1.45) 1 (0.76)   3 (0.79) 17 (4.96) 9 (1.59) 1009 (19.10)
Columbiformes Columbidae Rock Pigeon (Columbia livia)   2 (0.30) 8 (0.60) 2 (0.48)    8 (2.0) 6 (1.59)   25 (4.42) 51 (0.97)
   Chilean Pigeon (Columbia araucana) 3 (0.85) 38 (5.69) 9 (0.67)        1 (0.18) 51 (0.97)
   Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculata) 35 (9.89) 1 (0.15) 16 (1.19)        2 (0.35) 54 (1.02)
Apodiformes Trochilidae Green-backed Firecrown (Sephanoides galeritus) 17 (4.80) 31 (4.64) 21 (1.56) 6 (1.44) 16 (2.31) 2 (1.52) 10 (2.6) 2 (0.53) 10 (2.92) 13 (2.30) 128 (2.42)
Piciformes Picidae Striped Woodpecker (Picoides lignarus)          1 (0.29)   1 (0.02)
Passeriformes Furnariidae Dark-bellied Cinclodes (Cinclodes patagonicus) 1 (0.28) 19 (2.84) 28 (2.08)        1 (0.18) 49 (0.93)
   Aphrastura spinicauda (Thorn-tailed Rayadito) 5 (1.41)   10 (0.74)         15 (0.28)
   Plain-mantled Tit-spinetail (Leptasthenura aegithaloides) 10 (2.82)   10 (0.74)   15 (2.17) 1 (0.76)    11 (3.21)   47 (0.89)
   Wren-like Rushbird (Phleocryptes melanops)   4 (0.60)          4 (0.08)
  Tyrannidae White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps) 1 (0.28) 6 (0.90) 15 (1.12) 6 (1.44) 5 (0.72) 2 (1.52)   2 (0.53) 2 (0.58) 2 (0.35) 41 (0.78)
   Tufted Tit-tyrant (Anairetes parulus) 8 (2.26) 29 (4.34) 48 (3.57) 3 (0.72) 20 (2.89) 12 (9.09)     4 (0.71) 124 (2.35)
   Fire-eyed Diucon (Xolmis pyrope)   13 (1.95) 4 (0.30)    1 (0.76)   1 (0.26) 4 (1.17)   23 (0.44)
  Cotingidae Chilean Swallow (Tachycineta meyeni) 5 (1.41) 3 (0.32) 1 (0.45)         9 (0.17)
  Troglodytidae House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) 6 (1.69) 13 (1.95) 4 (0.30)   3 (0.43)    2 (0.53)    28 (0.53)
  Turdidae Austral Thrush (Turdus falcklandii) 4 (1.13) 49 (7.34) 207 (15.41) 5 (1.20) 124 (17.92) 5 (3.79)   4 (1.06) 16 (4.66) 82 (14.51) 496 (9.39)
  Mimidae Chilean Mockingbird (Mimus thenca)   16 (1.72) 2 (0.15)         18 (0.34)
  Motacillidae Correndera Pipit (Anthus correndera)   2 (0.40)          2 (0.40)
  Emberizidae Patagonian Sierra-finch (Phrygilus patagonicus)    42 (3.13)         42 (0.80)
   Common Diuca-finch (Diuca diuca) 5 (1.41) 1 (0.15)        2 (0.58)   8 (0.15)
   Grassland Yellow-finch (Sicalis luteola) 85 (24.01)   120 (8.94)   93 (13.44) 1 (0.76)     64 (11.33) 363 (6.87)
   Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis) 5 (1.41) 15 (2.25) 2 (0.15)   3 (0.43)     6 (1.75)    31 (0.59)
  Icteridae Yellow-winged Blackbird (Agelaius thilius)   3 (0.45)          3 (0.06)
   Long-tailed Meadowlark (Sturnella loyca) 1 (0.28)           1 (0.02)
   Austral Blackbird (Curaeus curaeus)   33 (4.94) 8 (0.60)   11 (1.59)     11 (3.21)   63 (1.19)
  Fringillidae Black-chinned Siskin (Carduelis barbatus)   3 (0.45) 13 (0.97) 1 (0.24) 4 (0.58)    12 (3.17) 5 (1.46) 5 (0.88) 43 (0.81)
  Passeridae House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) 106 (29.94) 7 (1.05) 99 (7.37) 327 (78.42) 299 (43.21) 98 (74.24) 315 (80.56) 309 (81.7) 223 (65.0) 188 (33.3) 1971 (37.32)
   Frequency 354 668 1343 417 692 132 391 378 343 565 5282 (100)
   S 19 24 23 9 14 11 4 10 15 13 30
   Hʹ 3.11 3.11 2.90 1.22 2.60 1.51 0.91 1.09 2.04 2.43  
   Hʹmax 4.25 4.59 4.52 3.17 3.81 3.46 2.00 3.32 3.81 3.70  
   E 0.73 0.68 0.64 0.39 0.68 0.44 0.46 0.33 0.54 0.66  
  1. Hʹ = Shannon–Wiener’s index, Hʹmax: Maximum diversity, E = Pielou’s evenness index