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Table 5 The threatened and near threatened waterbirds in China

From: Population trends, threats, and conservation recommendations for waterbirds in China

English name Scientific name Population trend Level at the national key protected wildlife Threatened level in China Threatened level of the world Threats Distribution region Residence
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Unk II NT LC Unk Both Migrant
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Unk II NT LC 2, 4, 8, 7 Both Migrant
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus Unk II EN LC 1, 2, 4, 6 Inland Migrant
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis Dec II EN NT 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Both Migrant
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus Dec II EN VU 2, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Pelagic Cornorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus Sta II NT LC Unk Coast Migrant
Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes Sta II VU VU 1, 2, 3, 4 Coast Migrant
White-eared Night Heron Gorsachius magnificus Dec II EN EN 1, 2, 3, 5 Both Resident
Malaysian Night Heron Gorsachius melanolophus Unk   NT LC Unk Both Resident
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus Unk II NT LC Unk Inland Migrant
Black Stork Ciconia nigra Unk I VU LC 1, 2, 4 Both Migrant
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana Dec I EN EN 1, 2, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus Dec II CR NT 2, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Crested Ibis Nipponia nippon Inc I EN EN 1, 2, 3, 4, 9 Inland Resident
White Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia Dec II NT LC 1, 2, 4, 6 Both Migrant
Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor Inc II EN EN 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 Coast Migrant
Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica Dec   VU LC Unk Both Migrant
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Unk II NT LC 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 Both Migrant
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus Unk II NT LC 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 Both Migrant
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Unk II NT LC 1, 2, 4, 6 Both Migrant
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid Dec   VU VU 1, 2, 3, 6, 7 Both Migrant
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus Sta   VU VU 1, 3 Both Migrant
Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus Unk   EN LC Unk Both Migrant
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata Dec II NT LC 1 Both Migrant
Falcated Duck Mareca falcata Dec   NT NT 3 Both Migrant
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa Inc   NT LC 1, 3, 4, 6 Both Migrant
Baer’s Pochard Aythya baeri Dec   CR CR 1, 2, 3 Both Migrant
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca Dec   NT NT 1, 3, 4, 8 Inland Migrant
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Unk   EN VU 1, 3, 4, 6 Both Migrant
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca Unk   NT LC 2, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus Dec I EN EN 1, 2, 3, 4, 9 Both Migrant
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala Dec   CR EN 1, 2, 3 Inland Migrant
Siberian Crane Leucogeranus leucogeranus Sta I CR CR 1, 2, 3, 8 Both Migrant
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio Sta II EN VU 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 Both Migrant
Common Crane Grus grus Dec II NT LC 1, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Hooded Crane Grus monacha Sta I EN VU 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 Both Migrant
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis Sta I VU VU 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 Inland Migrant
Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis Dec I EN EN 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9 Both Migrant
Swinhoe’s Rail Coturnicops exquisitus Dec II VU VU 1, 2, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides Unk   VU LC Unk Coast Resident
Corncrake Crex crex Sta II VU LC 1, 2 Inland Migrant
Ruddy-breasted Crake Zapornia fusca Unk   NT LC Unk Both Resident
Band-bellied Crake Zapornia paykullii Unk   VU NT 1 Both Migrant
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Unk   VU LC 1, 4, 5, 6 Both Resident
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Dec   NT LC Unk Both Migrant
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii Inc   NT LC 2, 4, 8 Both Resident
River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii Unk   NT NT Unk Both Resident
Long-billed Ringed Plover Charadrius placidus Dec   NT LC Unk Both Migrant
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola Dec   VU VU 1, 2, 3 Inland Migrant
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus Dec   NT NT 1, 2, 3, 4 Both Migrant
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Dec   NT LC 1 Coast Migrant
Little Curlew Numenius minutus Unk II NT LC 1, 2, 4 Both Migrant
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Unk   NT NT 1, 3, 4, 6 Both Migrant
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis Dec   VU VU 1 Both Migrant
Nordmann’s Greenshank Tringa guttifer Dec II EN EN 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Coast Migrant
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris Dec   VU VU 1, 2, 4, 5 Coast Migrant
Red Knot Calidris canutus Dec   VU LC 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8 Coast Migrant
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmaea Dec   CR CR 1, 5, 8 Coast Migrant
Saunders’s Gull Saundersilarus saundersi Dec   VU VU 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 Coast Migrant
Relict Gull Larus relictus Dec I EN VU 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 Both Migrant
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Sta II NT LC 2, 4 Both Migrant
Chinese Crested Tern Thalasseus bernsteini Unk   CR CR 2, 3, 4, 7 Coast Migrant
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii Sta   NT LC 2, 3, 4 Coast Migrant
River Tern Sterna aurantia Dec II NT NT 2 Inland Resident
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda Dec   EN EN 1, 3 Inland Resident
  1. Population trends include: declining (Dec), increasing (Inc), stable (Sta), and unknown (Unk). The National key protected wildlife include two levels, the first (I) and the second (II) level. Threats to waterbirds include: (1) habitat loss; (2) human disturbance; (3) hunting; (4) pollution; (5) biology invasion; (6) disease; (7) natural disaster; (8) climate change; (9) genetic diversity loss. Distribution regions were classified as exclusively coastal, exclusively inland, and both inland and coastal region. Residence was classified as migrant and resident
  2. The threatened level in the world referred to the IUCN (2012) to match the threatened level in China (Jiang et al. 2016). CR Critically Endangered, EN Endangered, VU Vulnerable, NT Near Threatened, LC Least Concern