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Table 1 Waterbird species at sites that meet the Ramsar 1 % criterion (Wetlands International 2014)

From: Identification of coastal wetlands of international importance for waterbirds: a review of China Coastal Waterbird Surveys 2005–2013

Species 1 % criterion Sites supporting 1 % or more of the flyway population (Maximum number, Year.Month.Date)
Wintering period Northward migration Southward migration Summering/Breeding
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) 600    YRD (1780, 2010.11)  
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) 15 YRD (397, 2013.01)    
Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus) 1000   TJ (960, 2011.03) TJ (1118, 2009.11)  
YRD (1040, 2007.11)
Bean Goose (Anser fabalis) 1100   CZ (5045, 2007.03) YRD (4500, 2012.11)  
STZ (2200, 2013.03.17–18)
YRD (1540, 2013.03)
Swan Goose (Anser cygnoides) 680 MJE (950, 2008.02)    
Graylag Goose (Anser anser) 710   CZ (1694, 2009.03) YRD (3500, 2012.11)  
Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) 710 YRD (1946, 2007.01)   CZ (1750, 2010.11)  
Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna) 1200   YLJ (7415, 2012.03.24–25) CZ (7494, 2008.11)  
STZ (3200, 2013.04.16–17) YLJ (3394, 2011.10.29)
CZ (1521, 2011.03)  
Gadwall (Anas strepera) 7100    YRD (21500, 2011.11)  
Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha) 11,300    YRD (14500, 2008.08)  
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) 5000 SZ (12520, 2008.01)    
HK (7567, 2011.01)
Falcated Duck (Anas falcate) 830 LYG (6800, 2011.02) CZ (1120, 2012.04) YRD (12000, 2012.11)  
YRD (6500, 2008.01)
NH (1580, 2012.02.09)
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) 2400 HK (3615, 2010.12)    
HF (3400, 2008.01)
YRD (2450, 2010.12)
Baikal Teal (Anas formosa) 7100 CMDT (8000, 2006.02)    
Baer’s Pochard (Aythya baeri) 5   CZ (15, 2012.03.09–13) TJ (8, 2010.10)  
Common Pochard (Aythya farina) 3000    YRD (3500, 2010.10)  
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) 2400 HK (5987, 2012.12.16)    
SZ (4100, 2010.12)
Smew (Mergellus albellus) 250 YRD (3100, 2007.02) TJ (1600, 2011.03) CZ (2924, 2010.11)  
CZ (498, 2008.03) TJ (2000, 2011.11)
  YRD (1320, 2009.11)
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) 710   TJ (1192, 2006.03) YRD (845, 2009.11)  
YLJ (973, 2011.03)
Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus) 30   YRD (42, 2011.03) YRD (700, 2011.11)  
STZ (500, 2013.11.17)
White-naped Crane (Grus vipio) 30   CZ (44, 2010.03) YRD (220, 2012.11)  
Common Crane (Grus grus) 150 CZ (1628, 2007.02) YRD (880, 2011.03) YRD (1320, 2011.11)  
YRD (1250, 2011.12) CZ (174, 2008.03)
Hooded Crane (Grus monacha) 15   YLJ (99, 2010.03) YRD (150, 2012.11)  
Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis) 4 YRD (123, 2011.01) STZ (280, 2013.03.17–18) STZ (300, 2013.11.17)  
YRD (150, 2009.3) YRD (84, 2008.11)
LYG (86, 2013.02)
Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) 5   YRD (14, 2009.3) YRD (8, 2009.10)  
Oriental White Stork (Ciconia boyciana) 30 YRD (65, 2011.01) CZ (502, 2010.03) TJ (480, 2012.11.12) YRD (260, 2011.06)
STZ (320, 2013.03.17–18) YRD (150, 2010.11)
YRD (210, 2011.04) STZ (140, 2013.11.17)
TJ (72, 2009.03) CZ (32, 2011.11)
Far Eastern Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) 70 LYG (2806, 2013.12.15) YLJ (2458, 2013.03.17) STZ (1450, 2012.08.26) YLJ (102, 2010.06.14)
DL (1400, 2013.12.10–11) STZ (210, 2011.03) YLJ (361, 2008.09)
  RD (145, 2010.03.07) RD (235, 2013.08.15)
   DL (155, 2013.10.15–19)
   CZ (111, 2011.11)
   YRD (85, 2012.09)
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) 1000   TJ (5002, 2010.04) YRD (1,550, 2010.09) YRD (2100, 2010.07)
YRD (1450, 2010.05) CZ (1076, 2010.09) CZ (1723, 2010.08)
CZ (1407, 2008.04)  
Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) 1000 HK (16120, 2008.01) SZ (7180, 2010.03) LYG (7400, 2011.10)  
LYG (7000, 2012.01.13) LYG (3000, 2009.04) CZ (4065, 2011.10)
SZ (2866, 2010.12) NS (1572, 2013.03.19) YRD (2100, 2010.09)
  YRD (1200, 2009.04) TJ (1040, 2011.11)
Grey Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) 1000   LYG (8870, 2013.03.16) YLJ (4020, 2011.08.17)  
YLJ (6145, 2011.04.21) YRD (2300, 2010.09)
TJ (3000, 2011.05) TJ (2250, 2011.12)
CZ (2089, 2005.05) STZ (2000, 2011.08.13–14)
  RD (1741, 2012.10.14)
  DL (1240, 2013.10.15–19)
Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius) 250     YRD (330, 2011.07)
CZ (277, 2007.08)
Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) 1000 SZ (4303, 2010.01) CZ (4016, 2007.04) RD (14760, 2010.10)  
HK (3220, 2012.01.20) LYG (2000, 2011.04) STZ (10000, 2011.08.13–14)
QZB (1856, 2012.12.18)   YLJ (6500, 2010.09.12)
   DL (5000, 2013.10.15–19)
   LYG (2500, 2012.10.14)
   CZ (2238, 2011.09)
   HK (2000, 2008.11)
   YRD (1250, 2010.08)
   MJE (1000, 2010.11)
Lesser Sand Plover (Charadrius mongolus) 390   RD (1000, 2010.05) RD (3820, 2008.08)  
LYG (750, 2013.05) RD (3590, 2013.09.07–09)
XT (688, 2012.03.22) DL (2000, 2013.10.15–19)
YLJ (520, 2010.05) YLJ (1950, 2011.09.01)
MJE (400, 2011.05) LYG (1300, 2013.09.08)
  JDS (1044, 2006.10)
  STZ (400, 2011.08.13–14)
Greater Sand Plover (Charadrius leschenaultia) 790    MJE (1780, 2008.09)  
QZB (1717, 2012.08.18–19)
RD (1600, 2011.08)
DL (1435, 2013.07.21)
DWB (1022, 2013.07)
BH (900, 2013.07.21–22)
Asian Dowitcher (Limnodromus semipalmatus) 230   LYG (2800, 2013.5.12) LYG (1899, 2012.08.07–09)  
HK (428, 2008.04) TJ (420, 2010.08)
Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa) 1400 SZ (1900, 2010.02) TJ (11125, 2007.04) LYG (4425, 2012.08.07–09)  
YRD (6550, 2012.04) CZ (2404, 2010.09)
STZ (2000, 2012.04.08–09) STZ (1750, 2011.08.13–14)
HK (1924, 2013.04.14)  
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica) 1500   YLJ (67826, 2013.4.29–30) YLJ (15000, 2009.08.22–23)  
LYG (4702, 2013.04.14) STZ (2470, 2011.08.13–14)
STZ (4000, 2012.04.08–09)  
YRD (2150, 2012.04)  
CZ (1725, 2010.05)  
Little Curlew (Numenius minutus) 1800   YRD (4300, 2007.05)   
Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) 550    QZB (909, 2012.08.18–19)  
CZ (865, 2007.08)
DWB (776, 2012.08)
Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) 1000 CZ (6625, 2007.01) CZ (4895, 2011.03) CZ (5280, 2009.11)  
TJ (2800, 2010.02) TJ (3000, 2010.03) YLJ (4100, 2010.09.12)
HK (1602, 2011.01) YLJ (1782, 2011.03) RD (1487, 2013.10.15–19)
QZB (1539, 2013.12.21) YRD (1550, 2008.04) STZ (1250, 2011.08.13–14)
ZHB (1225, 2012.01.20)   
LYG (1200, 2011.01)  
Far Eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascariensis) 320   YLJ (4840, 2011.04.21) YLJ (5289, 2011.07.16–17)  
YRD (650, 2008.05) TJ (1675, 2007.09)
STZ (480, 2013.04.16–17) ZHB (1323, 2011.09.02)
  STZ (700, 2011.08.13–14)
  CZ (603, 2007.07)
  RD (495, 2011.06)
  YRD (350, 2009.09)
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) 250 HK (1686, 2006.02) YRD (1150, 2008.05) CZ (2734, 2008.9)  
HK (711, 2010.04) YLJ (1300, 2008.10)
SZ (406, 2010.04) STZ (1200, 2011.08.13–14)
LYG (406, 2011.04) NH (720, 2007.10)
YLJ (380, 2011.05.05) TJ (450, 2012.10.14)
RD (300, 2012.04.22) YRD (350, 2010.09)
  HF (345, 2010.07)  
  LYG (250, 2011.07)
Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) 1000   SZ (5200, 2006.04) STZ (1000, 2011.08.13–14)  
HK (1106, 2007.04)
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 1000 HK (1027, 2011.01) SZ (2528, 2010.04) TJ (2064, 2011.10)  
HK (1936, 2008.04) YLJ (1626, 2013.08.24–25)
  HK (1251, 2012.08.19)
  STZ (1120, 2011.08.13–14)
Spotted Greenshank (Tringa guttifer) 5   HK (46, 2007.04) DT (940, 2013.10.15–19)  
YLJ (40, 2013.05.10–11) RD (158, 2013.10.15-19)
DWB (17, 2009.04.08) DL (19, 2013.10.15–19)
  YLJ (14, 2010.08.28)
Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus) 500   QZB (610, 2011.04) MJE (980, 2012.07.22) LYG (650, 2013.06.16)
RD (880, 2013.08.15)
YLJ (825, 2013.07.21)
Grey-tailed Tattler (Heteroscelus brevipes) 440   QZB (520, 2011.05)   
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) 290   YLJ (464, 2011.05.25)   
Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris) 2900   STZ (80000, 2013.04.27) STZ (12500, 2011.08.14)  
YLJ (74900, 2013.04.29–30) DL (5000, 2013.07.21)
  YLJ (3220, 2011.08.19)
  LYG (3018, 2012.08.07–09)
Red Knot (Calidris canutus) 1100   LYG (2500, 2013.04.14) STZ (4700, 2011.08.14)  
TJ (2000, 2012.05.13) YRD (1300, 2010.09)
CZ (1116, 2012.05.19–20)  
Sanderling (Calidris alba) 220 MJE (680, 2011.01) MJE (850, 2012.04.21) MJE (1900, 2008.09)  
QZB (310, 2011.01) QZB (330, 2013.04.14) QZB (276, 2013.10.21)
LYG (232, 2010.05)  
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis) 3200   NH (7552, 2007.05) LYG (6853, 2012.08.07–09)  
LYG (3572, 2011.05) RD (6710, 2008.08)
Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta) 250    RD (750, 2008.08)  
LYG (600, 2012.07.21)
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminate) 1600   LYG (8000, 2008.05) STZ (1600, 2012.08.25)  
CZ (2549, 2012.05.19–20)
YLJ (1788, 2011.05.17)
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) 1400   HK (9168, 2008.04)   
SZ (5100, 2013.04.14)
LYG (3000, 2013.05.12)
CZ (2481, 2012.05.19–20)
Dunlin (Calidris alpina) 10,000   YLJ (35770, 2011.04.21) YLJ (25700, 2013.09.19)  
YRD (24500, 2012.04)
RD (14364, 2010.04)
LYG (14000, 2008.05)
Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus) 3 MJE (14, 2011.02) RD (25, 2012.04.22) RD (103, 2011.10.12)  
YLJ (4, 2012.05.19–27) RD (61, 2013.10.15–19)
XT (3, 2012.03.11) DT (44, 2013.10.15–19)
DWB (3, 2006.03) DL (38, 2013.10.15–19)
Broad-billed Sandpiper (Limicola falcinellus) 250   YLJ (1869, 2010.05.26) RD (500, 2011.08)  
DWB (290, 2013.04) YLJ (300, 2011.09.01)
LYG (250, 2013.05.12)  
Temminck’s Stint (Calidris temminckii) 250    TJ (456, 2012.08.20)  
Saunders’s Gull (Larus saundersi) 85 XHB (1710, 2007.02) YRD (1450, 2009.03) DL (2555, 2013.10.15–19) STZ (6000, 2012.06.17)
QZB (742, 2013.01.13) RD (880, 2010.04) YRD (1200, 2008.09) YRD (1250, 2010.05)
DWB (737, 2008.01.19) WZB (520, 2008.03) YLJ (984, 2012.09) RD (1085, 2012.07.02)
WZB (345, 2008.02) YLJ (263, 2011.03) DWB (669, 2009.11) YLJ (930, 2013.06.22)
CZ (256, 2012.02.17–18)   RD (629, 2012.09.16) DL (320, 2013.07.21)
TJ (230, 2009.02)   TJ (380, 2011.11)  
   LYG (226, 2009.10)  
Relict Gull (Larus relictus) 120 TJ (4100, 2008.02) TJ (6000, 2010.03) CZ (3909, 2011.09)  
CZ (2155, 2011.02) CZ (1423, 2008.03) STZ (745, 2011.08.14)
ZHB (1730, 2012.01.20) YLJ (269, 2011.03.21) LYG (218, 2010.10)
Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) 250 DWB (333, 2009.02)   YRD (980, 2010.10)  
TJ (357, 2007.09)
Chinese Crested Tern (Sterna bernsteini) 1   MJE (7, 2010.05)   
Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) 460    MJE (470, 2013.09) YRD (1450, 2012.06)
RD (1000, 2012.06)
Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) 1000     YRD (1350, 2009.6)
Little Tern (Sterna albifrons) 1000    TJ (3256, 2007.09)  
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus cachinnans) 610 JZB (6,000, 2013.03.23–24)   YLJ (2062, 2012.10.14–15)  
ZHB (954, 2012.01.20)
Mew Gull (Larus canus) 1000 ZHB (1550, 2012.01.20)    
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) 1000 HK (10569, 2013.01.20) YRD (1450, 2011.03) YRD (21000, 2011.11)  
DWB (6000, 2013.01) STZ (1400, 2013.04.16–17)
SZ (5627, 2010.02)  
HF (3300, 2011.02)
Chinese Egret (Egretta eulophotes) 35   NH (41, 2006.05) ZHB (128, 2011.09.01)  
YLJ (77, 2008.09.14–15)
LYG (31, 2012.08.07–09)
Great Egret (Casmerodius albus) 1000 HK (1209, 2006.11)    HF (1172, 2007.06)
Eurasian Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) 100   YRD (550, 2010.04) YRD (4500, 2011.11)  
Black-faced Spoonbill (Platalea minor) 15 HK (482, 2011.12) SZ (57, 2013.03.17) XHB (63, 2007.11)  
DF (91, 2008.01) XHB (45, 2007.03) ZHB (56, 2011.09.02)
HF (81, 2012.01.15)   SZ (51, 2012.11.11)
SZ (37, 2013.01.20)   MJE (35, 2012.11.11)
CMDT (47, 2006.02)   
XHB (34, 2007.02)   
MJE (18, 2012.02)   
Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus) 1 WZB (66, 2011.12) YRD (23, 2011.03) DT (112, 2013.11.19)  
HF (4, 2008.12) LYG (3, 2009.04) LYG (63, 2012.11.20)
HK (1, 2008.02)   YRD (58, 2011.11)
   CZ (7, 2010.10)
Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus) 350 HK (769, 2006.12) CZ (526, 2011.04)   YRD (350, 2010.06)
  1. Abbreviation of the site names: Yalu Jiang estuarine wetland (YLJ), Shuangtaizihekou National Nature Reserve (STZ), Zhuanghe Bay (ZHB), Jinzhou Bay (JZB), Tianjin coast (TJ), Cangzhou coast (CZ), Yellow River Delta (YRD), Lianyungang coast (LYG), Rudong coast (RD), Dongtai coast (DT), Dongling coast (DL), Nanhui coast (NH), Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve (CMDT), Juduansha National Nature Reserve (JDS), Wenzhou Bay (WZB), Minjiang Estuary National Nature Reserve (MJE), Xinghua Bay (XHB), Quanzhou Bay (QZB), Dadeng Island and Weitou Bay (DWB), Haifeng Nature Reserve (HF), Xitou coast (XT), Nansha Wetland (NS), Deep Bay Hong Kong side (HK), Deep Bay Shenzhen side (SZ), Dongfang Nature Reserve (DF), Beihai coast (BH)
  2. Numbers in bold highlight those counts which are equivalent to, or exceed, 20 % of the flyway population for that species