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Table 3 The precocity of femoral structural and material properties of hatchlings

From: Femoral mechanical performance of precocial and altricial birds: a simulation study

Species Elastic modulus Bone length Diameter Cross sectional area Polar moment of inertia
Pigeon 0.72% 47.25% 58.11% 59.41% 19.48%
Cabot’s Tragopan 11.62% 26.14% 28.33% 6.21% 0.51%