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Table 2 Pairwise comparisons (row–column) between age classes following GLMM of the top-ranking model: Class + (1|observer)

From: Developing and validating a nestling photographic aging guide for cavity-nesting birds: an example with the European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster)

 4710131619222528
10.05 (0.13)0.44 (0.14)0.11 (0.13)− 0.05 (0.11)− 0.16 (0.08)0.05 (0.13)0.11 (0.13)0.27 (0.14)0.27 (0.14)
4 0.38 (0.15)0.55 (0.14)− 0.11 (0.12)− 0.22 (0.15)3.96e−07 (0.13)0.05 (0.14)0.22 (0.15)0.22 (0.15)
7  − 0.33 (0.15)− 0.50 (0.13)*− 0.61 (0.11)**− 0.38 (0.15)− 0.33 (0.15)− 0.16 (0.16)− 0.16 (0.16)
10   − 0.16 (0.12)− 0.27 (0.10)− 0.05 (0.14)1.07e−07 (0.14)0.16 (0.15)0.16 (0.15)
13    − 0.11 (0.07)0.11 (0.12)0.16 (0.12)0.33 (0.13)0.33 (0.13)
16     0.22 (0.09)0.27 (0.10)0.44 (0.11)*0.44 (0.11)*
19      0.05 (0.14)0.22 (0.15)0.22 (0.15)
22       0.16 (0.15)0.16 (0.15)
25        − 7.10e−08 (0.16)
  1. Estimated differences (± SE) between age classes in the proportion of correct assignments are reported. Significant values are shown in italics and with (*) when P < 0.01 and (**) when P < 0.001. P-value was adjusted to multiple comparisons using Tukey method