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Table 2 Playback trial observations

From: Species limits in the Elegant Pitta (Pitta elegans) complex from Wallacea based on bioacoustic and morphometric analysis

Playback used Individual response
elegans virginalis maria concinna vigorsii
elegans Aggressive (n = 50) Aggressive (n = 10) Aggressive (n = 5) No (n = 10) No (n = 5)
virginalis Responsive (n = 5) Aggressive (n = 15) N/A No (n = 10) No (n = 4)
maria Aggressive (n = 5) Aggressive (n = 5) Aggressive (n = 200) No (n = 50) Responsive (n = 10)
concinna No (n = 15) No (n = 10) No (n = 50) Aggressive (n = 300) No (n = 10)
vigorsii No (n = 5) No (n = 2) No (n = 10) Responsive (n = 10) Aggressive (n = 30)
  1. “No” indicates no change in the bird’s behavior upon playback. “Responsive” means that the bird called back without moving towards the source of the playback. “Aggressive” means the bird moved towards the source of the playback, either by flying, hopping, or moving up to a more prominent perch. N/A = no playback was attempted. Approximate sample sizes of playback trials (n) are given for each combination; values of n > 5 are rounded to the nearest 5; the two values of n > 100 are rounded to the nearest 100. Intra-taxon combinations had the highest sample sizes and, according to expectation, they invariably elicited an aggressive response