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Table 1 Land cover change within a 1 km range of Sihwa Lake from 2001 to 2014

From: Influence of land use change on the waterbird community of Sihwa Lake, Republic of Korea

Land cover types Area Changes in area (excl. Sihwa Lake)
Types Sub-types 2001 2007 2009 2014 2001‒2014
km2 % km2 % km2 % km2 % km2 %
Water and wetland
 Water Freshwater 1.2 0.5 2.5 1.0 54.6 21.1 67.5 26.1 66.3 25.6
Seawater 90.7 35.1 71.6 27.7 19.9 7.7 11.5 4.4 −79.2 −30.7
 Wetland Inland wetland 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.2 1.7 0.6 62.0 23.9 62.0 23.9
Intertidal 85.4 33.0 87.5 33.8 85.1 32.9 6.9 2.7 −78.5 −30.3
 Subtotal 177.3 68.6 162.1 62.7 161.3 62.3 147.9 57.1 −29.4 −11.5
Land
 Grassland Natural pasture 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 4.2 1.6 3.6 12.1
Artificial grassland 0.5 0.2 2.0 0.8 3.7 1.4 4.5 1.8 4.1 13.8
 Agricultural land Rice paddy 22.7 8.8 24.7 9.6 27.5 10.6 28.5 11.0 5.8 19.5
Field 5.4 2.1 6.7 2.6 7.5 2.9 10.1 3.9 4.7 16.0
Orchard 5.2 2.0 5.4 2.1 3.0 1.1 5.9 2.3 0.7 2.3
Cultivation facility 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
Others 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3
 Forest Coniferous forest 7.5 2.9 8.1 3.1 6.0 2.3 7.1 2.7 −0.4 −1.4
Broadleaf forest 3.4 1.3 3.5 1.3 5.6 2.2 8.8 3.4 5.4 18.3
Mixed forest 9.5 3.7 10.3 4.0 11.0 4.3 3.2 1.2 −6.3 −21.5
 Barren land Natural barren 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 6.1 2.4 6.1 20.6
Artificial barren 6.5 2.5 15.5 6.0 12.1 4.7 12.9 5.0 6.5 21.9
 Used area Residential area 2.2 0.8 3.6 1.4 4.3 1.7 1.9 0.7 −0.3 −1.0
Industrial area 8.4 3.2 8.3 3.2 8.1 3.1 8.3 3.2 −0.0 −0.0
Commercial area 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.4 1.3
Leisure area 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4
Public institution 4.4 1.7 2.4 0.9 1.3 0.5 2.4 0.9 −2.1 −7.0
Traffic facility 4.6 1.8 4.8 1.9 5.2 2.0 5.8 2.3 1.2 4.2
 Subtotal 81.3 31.3 96.6 37.4 97.4 37.6 110.7 42.8 29.4 11.5
Total 258.7 100.0 258.7 100.0 258.7 100.0 258.7 100.0