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Table 3 Estimates of coefficients of 11 avian guilds for species richness and abundance response to edge effects, SE and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) at the Sakaerat Environmental Research Station in 2014–2015

From: Road induced edge effects on a forest bird community in tropical Asia

Guildsa Richness Abundance
Coefficients SE Lower 95% CI Upper 95% CI Coefficients SE Lower 95% CI Upper 95% CI
AFI 0.17 0.07 0.01 0.32 0.12 0.06 − 0.01 0.25
ANI − 1.25 0.28 − 1.81 − 0.68 − 1.38 0.28 − 1.94 − 0.81
BGI 2.92 0.56 1.78 4.05 2.95 0.58 1.78 4.11
FGI 0.11 0.07 − 0.03 0.25 0.10 0.06 − 0.03 0.23
GI − 1.17 0.91 − 3.01 0.66 -0.33 0.91 − 2.15 1.49
R 0.83 0.45 − 0.08 1.74 0.81 0.44 − 0.07 1.69
SaI 0.54 0.11 0.31 0.76 0.53 0.10 0.32 0.73
TI 0.51 0.13 0.24 0.77 0.64 0.11 0.40 0.87
TIF 0.20 0.32 − 0.45 0.85 0.24 0.32 − 0.41 0.89
TIV − 1.16 0.68 − 2.53 0.21 − 0.66 0.61 − 1.88 0.56
UI 0.62 0.14 0.32 0.91 0.68 0.13 0.41 0.94
  1. Positive coefficients indicate guilds that were more likely to be found away from the edge; negative coefficients indicate guilds that were more likely found near the edge
  2. aArboreal frugivore-insectivores (AFI), arboreal nectarivore-insectivores (ANI), bark-gleaning insectivores (BGI), foliage-gleaning insectivores (FGI), granivore-insectivores (GI), raptors (R), sallying insectivores (SaI), terrestrial insectivores (TI), terrestrial insectivore-frugivores (TIF), terrestrial insectivore-faunivores (TIV), and understory insectivores (UI)