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Table 1 Thirty breeding and 39 wintering Anatidae waterfowl species of China

From: Species distribution modeling in regions of high need and limited data: waterfowl of China

Common name Scientific name Models Statusa % protected breedingb % protected winteringc
Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica BW LC 7.5 4.4
Mute Swan Cygnus olor B LC 26.5  
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus BW LC 18.6 5.8
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus W LC   4.4
Swan Goose Anser cygnoides BW V 18.8 13.9
Bean Goose Anser fabalis W LC   6.3
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons W LC   5.0
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus W V   5.6
Greylag Goose Anser anser BW LC 17.3 6.0
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus BW LC 41.8 7.4
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens W LC   2.0
Brent Goose Branta bernicla W LC   5.3
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea BW LC 11.7 16.6
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna BW LC 18.0 7.3
Cotton Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelianus BW LC 4.7 4.2
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata BW LC 14.9 4.9
Gadwall Anas strepera BW LC 18.5 8.9
Falcated Duck Anas falcata BW NT 21.9 4.8
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope BW LC 17.1 5.5
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos BW LC 20.6 5.8
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha BW LC 8.1 5.6
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata BW LC 20.5 9.0
Northern Pintail Anas acuta BW LC 15.8 8.8
Garganey Anas querquedula BW LC 19.4 10.6
Baikal Teal Anas formosa W LC   7.4
Common Teal Anas crecca BW LC 17.0 11.3
Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris B V 0.7  
Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina B LC 13.2  
Common Pochard Aythya ferina BW V 22.1 7.8
Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca BW NT 31.9 9.7
Baer’s Pochard Aythya baeri BW CE 19.6 7.3
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula BW LC 17.9 7.8
Greater Scaup Aythya marila W LC   4.4
Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri W V   41.0
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis W V   11.6
Black Scoter Melanitta nigra W LC   14.3
White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca W LC   9.7
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula BW LC 32.9 9.1
Smew Mergellus albellus BW LC 1.8 8.7
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator BW LC 25.1 6.9
Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus BW E 12.8 9.5
Common Merganser Mergus merganser BW LC 22.7 10.0
  1. Habitat suitability models were developed at 1 km resolution for the season in which a species occurs in China (B breeding, W winter, BW breeding and wintering). Taxonomy and seasonal presence follows MacKinnon and Phillips (2000)
  2. aA species conservation status according to the IUCN (2017) is denoted as LC least concern, V vulnerable, NT near threatened, E endangered, CE critically endangered
  3. bThe percent of suitable breeding habitat within Chinas protected areas
  4. cThe percent of suitable wintering habitat within Chinas protected areas