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Table 3 A character matrix of chick plumage with scores used for the phylogenetic analysis of Phasianidae chicks

From: The phylogeny of francolins (Francolinus, Dendroperdix, Peliperdix and Scleroptila) and spurfowls (Pternistis) based on chick plumage (Galliformes: Phasianidae)

 Taxon  Characters
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Macrocephalon maleo 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F)
Guttera pucherani 2 (F) 0 (F) 3 (F) 2 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 2 (F) 1 (F)
Agelastes meleagrides 2 (F) 0 (F) 3 (F) 2 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) ? 1 (F)
Acryllium vulturinum 1 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 0 (C) 2 (C) 2 (C) 0 (C)
Numida meleagris 1 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 0 (C) 2 (C) 2 (C) 0 (C)
Tetrao urogallus 0 (F) 2 (F) 2 (F) 2 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 1 (F) 0 (F)
Dendragapus obscurus 1 (F) 1 (F) 2 (F) 2 (F) 0 (F) 1 (F) 1 (F) 1 (F)
Lagopus lagopus 2 (O) 1 (O) 3 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O) 1 (O) 1 (O) 0 (O)
Tympanuchus cupido 2 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 1 (O) 1 (O)
Phasianus colchicus 1 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 0 (O)
Gallus gallus 2 (F) 2 (F) 3 (F) 3 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 2 (F) 0 (F)
Peliperdix lathami 0 (F) 0 (F) 3 (F) 3 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F) 0 (F)
Peliperdix coqui 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Peliperdix albogularis 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 1 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) ?
Dendroperdix sephaena 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Francolinus gularis 2 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) ? ?
Francolinus pondicerianus 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 0 (O)
Francolinus francolinus 2 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 3 (O) 1 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 0 (O)
Scleroptila gutturalis 1 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C) 0 (C)
Scleroptila lavaillantii 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C)
Sclerotptila afra 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 0 (C)
Scleroptila shelleyi 1 (C) 0 (C) 1 (C) 1 (C) 2 (C) ? 1 (C) 1 (C)
Alectoris chukar 2 (O) 1 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 1 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Coturnix cotunix 1 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C) 3 (C) 1 (C) 2 (C) 2 (C) 1 (C)
Pternistis hartlaubi 2 (O) 0 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O)
Pternistis nobilis 2 (O) 0 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) ?
Pternistis castaneicollis 2 (O) 0 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) ? ? 0 (O)
Pternistis erckelii 2 (O) 0 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 1 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O)
Pternistis griseostriatus 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) ? ?
Pternistis squamatus 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis ahantensis 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) ? ? 0 (O)
Pternistis adspersus 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis capensis 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis natalensis 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis hildebrandti 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis icterorhynchus 2 (O) 0 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis swainsonii 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis rufopictus 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 1 (O) 0 (O)
Pternistis leucoscepus 2 (O) 1 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O) ? 0 (O)
Pternistis afer 2 (O) 2 (O) 3 (O) 3 (O) 0 (O) 2 (O) 2 (O) 0 (O)
  1. This table also shows associations between habitat and character states of spurfowls and francolins (read scores for states from Additional file 1: Fig. S1). Micro-habitat is the immediate habitat structure in which the bird is typically observed (Madge and McGowan 2002). Numida meleagris and Acryllium vulturinum breed and raise their chicks in grass but adults live in open micro-habitats, hence they were categorised as closed micro-habitat species. (O) open micro-habitat (e.g. bush or edges of forests). (C) closed micro-habitat (grasslands and/or low growing shrubs). (F) forest. Only the male Peliperdix coqui was used for analysis and it is expected that C. albogularis chicks also possess sexual dimorphisms but it was not confirmed