Skip to main content

Table 1 Allocation of the 29 species of waterbirds observed to functional groups

From: Waterbird use of farm dams in south-eastern Australia: abundance and influence of biophysical and landscape characteristics

Shorebirds (Charadriiformes) Long-legged wading birds Swamphens and coot (Rallidae) Pursuit predators Waterfowl and grebe
Diving Dabbling Filtering Herbivorous
Wade in shallow water Can wade in deeper water and often forage in moist grasslands. ‘Stalk-wait-attack’ predators Spend most of their time on land amongst tall grasses, sedges Active vertebrate predators at wetlands (may also feed on inverts, but not exclusively) Generally spend much of their time on/in the water (especially when feeding) or grazing on adjacent vegetation
Masked Lapwing (Vanellus miles) Australian White Ibis (Threskiornis Molucca) Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) Darter (Anhinga melanogaster) Hardhead (Aythya australis) Pacific black duck (Anas superciliosa) Pink-eared Duck (Malacorhynchus membranaceus) Australian Wood Duck (Chenonetta jubata)
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) Straw-necked Ibis (Threskiornis spinicollis) Dusky Moorhen (Gallinula tenebrosa) Little Black Cormorant (Phalacrocorax sulcirostris) Australasian Grebe (Tachybaptus novaehollandiae) Grey Teal (Anas gracilis) Australian Shoveler (Anas rhynchotis) Australian Shelduck (Tadorna tadornoides)
  White-faced Heron (Egretta novaehollandiae) Black-tailed Native Hen (Gallinula ventralis) Little Pied Cormorant (Phalacrocorax melanoleucos) Hoary-headed Grebe (Poliocephalus poliocephalus)    Black Swan (Cygnus atratus)
  Pacific Heron (Ardea pacifica) Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)     Plumed Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna eytoni)
  Cattle Egret (Ardea ibis)       
  Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia)       
  Great Egret (Ardea alba)       
  Yellow-billed Spoonbill (Platalea flavipes)