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Table 4 List of species encountered and their relative abundance.

From: Response of tropical avifauna to visitor recreational disturbances: a case study from the Sinharaja World Heritage Forest, Sri Lanka

Family Scientific name Common name Stratum Relative abundance (%) TS GCS
Accipitridae Accipiter virgatus (Temminck, 1822) Besra 0.06 BrR LC
Aegithinidae Aegithina tiphia (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Iora S 0.06 BrR LC
Bucerotidae Ocyceros gingalensis (Shaw, 1811) Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill C 0.13 E LC
Campephagidae Pericrocotus flammeus (Forster, 1781) Scarlet Minivet C 4.36 BrR LC
Chloropseidae Chloropsis aurifrons (Temminck, 1829) Golden-fronted Leafbird C 0.34 BrR LC
Columbidae Chalcophops indica (Linnaeus, 1758) Emerald Dove U 0.09 BrR LC
Columbidae Ducula aenea (Linnaeus,1766) Green Imperial-Pigeon C 0.11 BrR LC
Columbidae Treron pompadora (Gmelin, 1789) Sri Lanka Green Pigeon A 0.18 E VU
Corvidae Urocissa ornate (Wagler, 1829) Sri Lanka Blue Magpie S 2.61 E VU
Cuculidae Centropus chlororhynchus (Blyth, 1849) Sri Lanka Green-billed Coucal U 0.06 E VU
Cuculidae Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus (Pennant, 1769) Sri Lanka Red-faced Malkoha C 1.86 E VU
Dicaeidae Dicaeum erythrorynchos (Latham, 1790) Pale-billed Flower-pecker S 0.08 BrR LC
Dicaeidae Dicaeum vincens (Sclater,1872) Sri Lanka White-throated Flowerpecker S 0.17 E NT
Dicruridae Dicrurus lophorhinus (Vieillot, 1817) Sri Lanka Crested Drongo S 2.63 E
Dicruridae Dicrurus caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758) White-bellied Drongo S 0.08 BrR LC
Hirundinidae Hirundo hyperythra (Blyth, 1849) Sri Lanka Swallow 0.11 PE
Monarchiidae Hypothymis azurea (Boddaert, 1783) Black-naped Monarch S 1.97 BrR LC
Muscicapidae Cyornis tickelliae (Blyth, 1843) Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher U 3.02 BrR LC
Muscicapidae  Muscicapa muttui (Layard, 1854) Brown-breasted Flycatcher S 1.80 M LC
Nectariniidae Nectarinia zeylonica (Linnaeus, 1766) Purple-rumped Sunbird S 0.36 BrR LC
Paridae Pavus major (Linnaeus, 1758) Great tit C 0.09 BrR LC
Phasianidae Galloperdix bicalcarata (Forster, 1781) Sri Lanka Spurfowl U 0.36 E LC
Phasianidae Gallus lafayetii (Lesson, 1831) Sri Lanka Junglefowl U 2.57 E LC
Picidae Chrysocolaptes lucidus (Scopoli, 1786) Greater Flameback S 2.42 PE LC
Picidae Picus chlorolophus (Vieillot,1818) Lesser Yellow-nape S 0.17 BrR LC
Psittacidae Loriculus beryllinus (Forster, 1781) Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot C 0.09 E LC
Psittacidae Psittacula calthropae (Blyth,1849) Layard’s Parakeet C 2.80 E LC
Pycnonotidae Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Gmelin, 1789) Black Bulbul A 0.75 BrR LC
Pycnonotidae Iole indica (Jerdon, 1839) Yellow-browed Bulbul S 7.53 BrR LC
Pycnonotidae Pycnonotus luteolus (Lesson,1841) White-browed Bulbul S 4.30 BrR LC
Pycnonotidae Pycnonotus melanicterus (Gmelin, 1789) Black-capped Bulbul S 0.26 PE LC
Ramphastidae Megalaima flavifrons (Cuvier, 1816) Yellow-fronted Barbet S 0.32 E LC
Ramphastidae Megalaima rubricapillus (Gmelin, 1788) Crimson-fronted Barbet S 0.04 PE LC
Ramphastidae Megalaima zeylanica (Gmelin,1788) Brown-headed Barbet S 2.72 BrR LC
Sittidae Sitta frontalis (Swainson, 1820) Velvet-fronted Nuthatch S 0.56 BrR LC
Sturnidae Gracula ptilogenys (Blyth, 1846) Sri Lanka Myna A 2.53 E NT
Sturnidae Sturnus albofrontatus (Layard, 1854) Sri Lanka White-faced Starling A 0.69 E VU
Sylviidae  Phylloscopus trochiloides (Sundevall, 1837) Green Warbler U 0.08 M LC
Timaliidae Garrulax cinereifrons (Blyth,1851) Ashy-headed Laughing-thrush U 14.06 E VU
Timaliidae Pomatorhinus melanurus (Blyth, 1847) Sri Lanka Scimitar Babbler S 4.30 E LC
Timaliidae Rhopocichla atriceps (Jerdon,1839) Dark-fronted Babbler U 5.58 BrR LC
Timaliidae Turdoides rufescens (Blyth,1847) Orange-billed Babbler S 21.84 E NT
Turdidae Zoothera spiloptera (Blyth, 1847) Spot-Winged Thrush U 3.08 E NT
Upopidae Harpactes fasciatus (Pennant1769) Malabar Trogon C 2.63 BrR LC
Zosteropidae Zosterops ceylonensis (Holdsworth, 1872) Sri Lanka White-eye S 0.15 E LC
  1. Relative abundance computed by dividing the number of individuals from each species recorded during the study period by the total number of birds recorded during the study period
  2. TS taxonomic status, E endemic, BrR breading resident, M migrant, GCS global conservation status, VU vulnerable, NT near threatened, LC least concerned. Strata: U ground and understory, S sub-canopy, C canopy, A above-canopy