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Table 1 Standardised residuals for chi square analyses of retreat mode and distance of urban doves

From: Tolerance of disturbance by humans in long-time resident and recent colonist urban doves

Species
Retreat mode Crested Pigeon Rock Dove Spotted Dove
Walk -0.8 +3.69 -3.21
Run +4.2 -1.14 -2.91
Fly -2.85 -2.82 +5.87
Retreat distance (m)    
≤ 5 +0.35 +3.49 -4.04
5.1-10 +2.44 -1.63 -0.74
>10 -2.5 -3.05 +5.74
  1. Residuals >2 in bold.